Baby Food Charts

Food Chart for Newborn Infant

Breast Milk

Newborn should feed on cue about 8-12 times per day until satisfied. They will usually breastfeed for 10-15 minutes per breast at each feeding. The feeding time typically decreases as the baby gets older and learns to feed more efficiently.

If a newborn infant, in the first few weeks of life, is not demanding to be fed at least every 4 hours, he should be awakened to feed. Crying is a late sign that an infant is hungry. Other signs or “cue” that an infant is ready to feed include:

  • fussiness
  • agitation
  • tongue movement
  • lip movement
  • fists in mouth
  • opening his mouth when the skin around his mouth, cheeks or lips is touched

Babies between the ages of 1 to 4 months will be feed less frequently than newborns. They usually feed 6-8 times a day (or every 3-4 hours). They may also begin to sleep through the night without feeding.

How Much Breast Milk is Enough?

It is impossible for mothers to know exactly how much a newborn is drinking during a breastfeeding session. The best way to know if a newborn infant is receiving enough breast milk is:

  • by counting the number of wet diapers produced in a day.
  • by measuring the weight gain.

A newborn infant may only have 3 wet diapers in a day during the first days of life. Wet diapers should increase in frequency and volume each day. After the first week, he should have 6-8 wet diapers a day. Infants between the ages of 1 to 4 should produce 6 or more heavy, soaked diapers per day.

Weigh gain is a good indicator that an infant is getting enough nutrition from breastfeeding.

Infant Formula

For parent choose not to breastfeed, formula is the most acceptable alternative. There are many different types of formula available in the marketplace. They are different according to the food source on which they are based. They are described below.

Cow’s milk based formulas:

Cow’s milk based formulas are one of the most common types of infant formula on the market. These formulas come in both low-iron type and iron-fortified varieties. Most health authorities recommend using iron-fortified formula for infants who will be consuming formula exclusively until they are 9-12 months old.

Example:

  • Enfamil with Iron,
  • Similac

Infant formulas with Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids

These formulas come in cow’s-milk-based and soy-based varieties. They have added DHA (docosahexanoic acid) and ARA (arachidonic acid). These two fatty acids, which support normal brain, eye, and nerve development, can also be found in breast milk. There is a lack of evidence at this time to support the claim that healthy children will have better visual acuity or mental test scores because they consumed formulas with DHA and ARA.

Example:

  • Enfamil A+,
  • Similac Advance,
  • Good Start with Omega 3 and Omega 6,
  • Isomil with Omega 3 and 6

Soy-based Formulas

You can choose soy-based formula if your infant suffers from milk protein allergy. However, soy-based formula may not be tolerated by children with non-IgE medicated cow’s milk intolerance. Yu need to speak to your doctor about what type of cow’s milk allergy your child may have.

Soy-based formulas are not recommended as the first choice for healthy term infants who are not being breastfed. However it is recommended by America Academy of Pediatrics as save alternatives to breast milk or cow’s-milk-based formulas to provide appropriate nutrition for normal growth and development.

Example:

  • Enfamil Soy,
  • Isomil
  • Alsoy

Protein Hydrolysate Formulas, casein-based

This is a hypoallergenic formula. It is a better choice for non-breastfed infants with cow’s milk protein allergy. The protein of this type of formula is broken into very small units called peptides and free amino acids. This type of formula is very expensive.

Example:

  • Nutramigen

Protein Hydrolysate Formulas, whey-based

This type of formula contains larger. Because of that, it is not appropriate for children with a confirmed allergy to cow’s milk protein. The taste of this formula is similar to cow’s-milk-based formula. The cost is not as expensive as casein-based protein hydrolysate formulas.

Example:

  • Nestle Good Start
  • Enfamil Gentlease A+

Lactose-free Formulas

Lactose-free formulas are based on cow’s milk. The lactose is removed. It is then added with corn syrup solids. This formula is for infant who suffer from primary lactose intolerance. It is can be used as an alternative for infants who develop secondary lactose intolerance.

Example:

  • Enfamil Lactose Free
  • Similac Sensitive Lactose Free

Follow-up Formulas

This type of formula can be based on cow’s milk or soy. Follow-up formulas are iron-fortified. They are better choice than whole cow’s milk for older infants between ages of 6 to 12 months. They contain lower renal solute load than whole’s cow milk and are therefore easier on a baby’s kidney. It is proven that follow-up formulas offer more benefits than traditional infant formulas. Parents can comfortably use the same “starter” formula from birth until 12 months of age.

Example:

  • Nestle Follow-up
  • Nestle Follow-up Soy
  • Enfapro A+

Added-rice Formulas

Added-rice formulas combine rice starch and a conventional cow’s milk based formula. This formula is for healthy infant who occasionally spit up as the added starch is intended to help the formula settled in the child’s stomach. If your child spit up persistently, you should seek advice from a physician or a pediatrician.

Example:

  • Enfamil Thickened A+ for babies who spit up

Specialty Formulas

Specialty Formulas are for those infants have difficulty in digesting or absorbing carbohydrates, protein, fat and other nutrients. Generally these formulas are used under the supervision of a doctor or a dietician.

Example:

  • Alimentum
  • Neocate Infant
  • Pregestimil

How Much Formula is Enough?

The formula consumed by an infant will increase with age. It will also vary depending on infant’s size and activity level. The following table shows an example of estimated intake:

Age Feeds / Day Quantity / Feed

(estimated)

Birth to 1 week 6 to 10 2 to 3 oz / 60 to 90 ml
1 week to 1 month 6 to 8 3 to 4 oz / 90 to 120 ml
1 – 3 months 5 to 6 4 to 6 oz / 120 to 180 ml
3 – 7 months 4 to 5 6 to 7 oz / 180 to 210 ml
7 – 12 months 3 to 4 7 to 8 oz / 210 to 240 m

Food Chart for 6 to 8 Months

It is recommended to delay the introduction of solids until the infant is about 6 months old. Infant at the age of 6 months has digestive tract that is mature enough to digest complex proteins, fats and carbohydrates. They are also able to sit and to swallow non-liquid foods. However it is important to remember that solids must be introduced gradually. During the initial transition period, breast milk or formula will continue to be an infant’s primary source of nutrients.

Table below acts as a guideline on how much foods you can offer to your child. Every baby is different. So you should make necessary adjustment according to your kid’s need.

Foods 6 to 9 Months
Breast Milk

Formula

Nursing on demand

Bottle feed on demand (about 3-5 feeds per day)

Iron-fortified single-ingredient food Twice daily of iron-fortified infant cereal, 2 to 4 tablespoons / 25 to 60 ml per serving
Other grain product Dry toast or unsalted crackers
Meat and alternative Mash or strained meat

Fish

Poultry

Mashed silken tofu

Well-cooked legumes (beans, lentil, chickpeas)

Eggs yolks

Vegetables Pureed or mashed cooked vegetables of all colors.

Progress to soft mashed consistency.

4 to 6 tablespoons / 60 to 90 ml per day

Fruits Pureed or mashed cooked fruits

Very ripe mashed fruits such as banana or avocado

6 to 7 tablespoons / 90 to 105 ml per day

Milk products Plain yogurt

Cottage cheese or grated hard cheese

1 to 2 tablespoons / 15 to 30 ml per day

Texture Thickened cereal

Finely mashed

Soft solids

Advice Avoid honey, added sugar and salt

Food Chart for 9 to 12 Months

Foods 6 to 9 Months
Breast Milk

Formula

Nursing on demand

Bottle feed of formula or whole cow milk

3-4 feeds per day

Iron-fortified single-ingredient food A variety of infant cereal
Other grain product Plain cereals

Bread

Rice

Pasta

8 to 10 tablespoons / 120 to 150 ml per day

Meat and alternative Minced or diced cooked meat, fish, chicken, tofu, beans or egg yolk.

3 to 4 tablespoons / 45 to 60 ml per day

Vegetables Minced or diced cooked vegetables.

6 to 10 tablespoons / 90 to 150 ml per day

Fruits Soft peeled and diced fresh or canned fruit

7 to 10 tablespoons / 105 to 150 ml per day

Milk products Plain yogurt

Cottage cheese or grated hard cheese

2 to 4 tablespoons / 25 to 60 ml per day

Texture Soft minced foods

Diced foods

Advice Avoid honey, added sugar and salt

Food Chart for 12 to 24 Months

For child after the age of 1 year, you can usually switch from infant formula to whole milk. For those with poor weight gain, infant formula may still be needed. Please ask advice from a doctor or pediatrician on when to start whole (cow’s) milk.

As your child ability to chew and swallow improves, he can manage a greater range of foods.

Fruits: You can now give your child fruit in larger pieces. However softer varieties of fruits such as banana, peaches, pears and mangos are recommended. It is necessary to cut the fruits such as grapes or berries into smaller pieces because the whole fruit could possibly lodge in a small airway.

Vegetables: Vegetables should be cooked until soft. Hard vegetables such as raw carrot should be served grated.

Meats: As your child gets older, they are able to chew solid foods such as meats more easily. You can allow your child to sample of what the family is having.