C-Sections and The Health of Your Baby

Old Title: Is It True That Having a C-Section May Affect My Baby’s Immune System?

There is a great deal of anticipation when it comes to the birth of your baby. If you take a birthing class, then they tell you to create a birth plan. Even if you have one, there are always the unforeseen circumstances that you can’t quite plan for. Giving birth to a child is a very intense process and involves a great deal of factors to be lined up. If you go in assuming that things will go one way, they will almost certainly go another way. It just goes to show that when it comes to delivering your baby, you should be prepared for anything. There are many moms out there that worry about a C-section, and understandably so. There are however certain times when it can’t be avoided, but you do want to know what it means for your baby.

The Potential Risks

Though there is contradictory evidence, you can find information to support that a C-section could somehow create health problems for your baby down the line. What many believe happen is that the DNA is somehow compromised using a C-section as a method of delivery. When that happens, it can lead to a potentially weakened immune system or may even make them susceptible to health problems such as diabetes or asthma later on. This doesn’t become a certainty, but as you can see that the potential risks are there.

It is believed that babies delivered via C-sections don’t have time to properly prepare for birth. This means that it can put additional stress on the birth and the experience overall. While some may debate this, others believe that this is what can lead to all of the potential problems down the line. It’s important to talk to your doctor to see if this is the best delivery method for you. It is also important to talk to your doctor to understand when it is safe to plan for a C-section if that is deemed necessary. Anything before 39 weeks of pregnancy should be seriously questioned as baby’s full development isn’t complete.

There Are Instances Where It’s Safer

It is important however to remember that there are instances where a C-section may not only be desirable, but actually recommended as well. When the baby is breech and shows no signs of flipping in time for delivery, then the C-section creates a much safer delivery for mother and baby. When the woman has had another C-section in the past, there are many conditions that must be in line to ensure that vaginal delivery is even possible. Therefore a planned C-section may be the best possible option for a woman in this situation. If there is any distress within the baby or anything that could cause potential harm to mother or baby during delivery, then this too is an instance where a C-section is recommended.

The timing of the birth is an important factor, and many will find that the baby will respond much better to a planned C-section over an emergency one. So while there may be potential risks that can be scary to mom, doing whatever is best for the baby is what rules out in the long run. If a C-section is recommended, just ask a lot of questions and be sure that everything is happening as it is meant to so that there is no worry of potential health problems down the road.

What Daddy Should Pack for the Hospital

There’s so much emphasis on the mother-to-be throughout pregnancy, and often the dad is overlooked. As he is just as important a part of the process, there should be some thought put into the role that he plays. Without the dad or a similar system of support, the entire experience is made much more difficult for the mom. Both partners need each other and that’s why it’s so important to ensure that dad is available and present.

The dad wants to be a part of the birthing process just as much as anybody. He can offer comfort and support as the mom makes it through all of the different stages of labor. Every dad wants to be there to meet their new little bundle of joy for the first time, as it’s one of those precious moments in life that you will always treasure. So just as the mom has to get ready for the big arrival, the dad should be prepared and packed for the hospital stay as well.

Playing the Support Role

Though this role is crucial to the birth of his child, the dad will ultimately play a support role. As he packs for the hospital, he should ensure that many of the items on his checklist reflect this role and are in place to help mom through the stages and get everything in order after the birth. Take a look at this checklist for example whereby many of the items recommended for daddy to bring include those which will support his partner. Consider bringing items such as a stop watch and a pad of paper to write down contraction times and track the labor overall. Be sure to bring along a video camera, regular camera, and anything else that can be used to capture every aspect of the birth that you will surely want to remember later on.

Bring whatever is necessary to keep your partner comfortable and focused. This can include massage oils, scented items to keep her calm, pillows, special comfort items, and of course music. Talk to your partner in advance and be sure that you know what she would like to help keep her calm and as happy as can be throughout the birth process. This is where your support role becomes very important and therefore you want to be prepared to help out in any way that you can.

Getting Yourself Comfortable

Chances are that you’re going to be in the hospital for a while. Either the labor may carry on longer than you had anticipated, or you may be staying with your partner throughout the duration of her hospital visit. Either way you want to be sure to pack a change of clothes and even something comfortable like pajamas for the occasion where you spend the night. Bring some pillows along for you as you can’t always be sure of what the sleeping arrangements will be.

Pack some snacks for yourself as you need to keep your energy up during the long birthing process. Also be sure to bring some money as you will surely have to grab a meal or a snack from the cafeteria during your stay. Along with the camera and any other items that you bring to capture the precious moments, be sure that you bring along the phone numbers of anybody that you’ll want to contact with the good news after the birth. All of these things will make your stay more comfortable and allow you to focus on your partner and your new baby.

Baby’s Preparation for Delivery

You know that the moment is nearing because your due date is just around the corner. You are now at the stage where you go in for weekly appointments, and therefore the time is coming closer and closer. You feel as though you are ready though you have anxiety about the big arrival. It’s an exciting time and you give much thought to what you are ready for and how you will fully prepare.

You’ve probably not given that much thought to what your baby goes through in anticipation for the big arrival. As your body gets ready, you know that things are happening as you can just feel it. There are many stages and things happening that get you ready for the big delivery. Just as you prepare both physically and mentally for the baby’s arrival, the same things are happening with the baby. Though they can’t really prepare emotionally, they are going through some changes at the last minute to ensure that they are ready for the big arrival as well.

Is Baby Really Getting Ready Too?

There are certain things you can feel and certain things that you can’t. You will be made aware of some of the changes that are occurring as you go through the weekly doctor appointments. Your doctor is checking to see if you are dilated at all or if your cervix is thinning in preparation for the big arrival. While all of these things are going on with you and your progress, baby is going through some important stages as well. You may be feeling a bit less movement than you have throughout the second and third trimesters. Not only has baby run out of room to romp about, but she has also begun her descent downwards towards the birth canal.

Your baby has developed all of their organs and body parts by the third trimester. However what they are doing up until the moment that they are born is bulking up, that is adding a whole lot of weight onto their tiny little frame. By week 38, they have fully developed lungs that they are working at until that very week. These are all important sings that they are getting ready for their big debut, though there’s a good chance that you’re not feeling a thing at all. The baby will do everything on their own time schedule and will get themselves ready for the arrival all on their own, often without you knowing a thing.

Getting Into Position

The most important thing that baby does to get ready for the big arrival is to get into position. This is something that you may or may not feel, and the way it works out will determine the type of delivery that you can have. If all goes as it should, then baby will move into the “heads down” position as she prepares for her entry into the big world through the birth canal. This may be felt by mom as a flip or some major movement as they move lower in the uterus and work towards the necessary “heads down” position.

Sometimes baby doesn’t really want to cooperate and may be “bottom down” which presents some problems for a vaginal delivery. If this happens, then the baby is considered to be breech and a C-section may very well be necessary. Remember that baby will do everything that she can to get herself ready for the big arrival, and they will do son their own timeframe.

Getting In Some Sleep With a New Baby

You may have feel like you waited forever for your new little bundle of joy to arrive. Now that the time is here and you’re holding them in your arms, you feel so full of joy you can hardly stand it. After the reality of your new baby sets in a bit, you start to realize just how tired you are. All of a sudden, you may wake up one day and realize that you are just downright sleep deprived. This is a terrible feeling for all new parents. Though you love your new baby and want to give them the very best, you are also recognizing that their waking at night is leaving you feeling exhausted. This is rather frustrating for many parents and they may find that they need to get into some sort of pattern, or at least get more sleep and get it quickly.

Cut Down on the Damage

Your baby is going to get up at night, that much you can’t deny. It’s unrealistic to think that your baby will stay down for the entirety of the night when you lay them down. What you can do is keep your waking time and theirs to a minimum. Take a look at these ideas and you will quickly see that you can get into a sort of habit in the middle of the night. First and foremost, avoid the temptation to put them down in bed with you. This not only ensures that they will get used to snuggling up next to mom and dad, but will also ensure that neither of you are getting a restful night. Get them up, feed them, change them, and then put them back to bed. Keep it short and sweet.

You also want to do your very best to share the responsibilities however possible. So for example if you are bottle feeding, get into some sort of a routine or pattern whereby you and your partner are sharing the feedings. Let them take the late night feeding and you go to sleep earlier so that you can get up for the next one. Whatever you can do to get in a few uninterrupted hours of sleep will help both of you in the long run. Figure out a routine that works best for you, ensures that your baby gets everything that it needs, and that you get in as much sleep at one time as is possible.

Sleep Whenever You Can

It may seem that “me time” is hard to come by these days. With a bit of help, though, you can enjoy a bit of napping or at least relaxation with the proper planning. The first rule of thumb that many experts will tell you is to nap when your baby naps. This is often easier said than done because if you have another child or a job, this is just not a reality for you.

Whenever possible, you want to try to get some time to put your feet up, relax, and catch a few winks if at all possible. This will really do wonders to recharge your engines and leave you feeling energized. It’s important to be flexible enough to change up your sleeping patterns as necessary. Knowing that you are going to get up in the middle of the night, you may very well want to go to bed earlier. This may take some adjusting, but it’s a great way to ensure you get plenty of sleep and are ready to care for your new baby.

When to Start Baby-Proofing your House

When you first bring home that tiny newborn baby who doesn’t do much besides eating and sleeping, it’s hard to imagine that one day he will be getting into everything in sight. But that day will come before you know it, so stay ahead of the game by baby-proofing early, and watching for improvements to your baby-proofing as baby grows.

How Early Should I Start?

While baby isn’t likely to find much to get into until he really starts crawling, you should start baby-proofing around the time that he starts to roll. Baby-proofing is a process, and as you go, you will notice things you didn’t think of before. So start early, and hopefully by the time baby does start to get up on hands and knees you will be one step ahead of him.

On average, a baby will start to roll over from tummy to back at around 4 months old. By 6 months old, he will be rolling from back to front as well. Once he masters both directions, he will quite literally be on a roll. You’ll see him using this new trick to make his way across the room. He’ll probably roll until he runs into something that stops him, and then roll back. Every baby is a little different as to when they will hit these milestones, so go by your own child’s abilities. At this point baby will also likely be pushing himself up on his hands.

Where Should I Start?

When you see him start to roll from front to back, it’s time to baby-proof. Start with the dangers that baby is most likely to encounter – this means dangers that are at his level. The best way to do this is to get down on the floor and see things from baby’s angle. Start with the rooms where baby spends the most time on the floor.

Things that baby can reach even from lying on the floor such as outlets, low shelves, drawers and cupboards are a good place to start. Watch for any small items baby could get into his mouth and choke on, or breakable items. Baby gates are an early investment well worth making. They will keep baby safe from stairs and also help to keep him contained in one part of the house, so that you can concentrate your baby-proofing efforts there.

Continual Baby-proofing

Baby-proofing is a continual process. Just when you think you have everything covered, baby will grow taller, or learn a new skill. First she’ll crawl, and then she’ll pull up on furniture, cruise around it, and eventually walk. Somewhere in there she will learn to climb too. And before you know it, she will be able to push a chair to where she wants it and climb up to reach something even higher. She will also learn how to open doors into new rooms.

Take your baby-proofing cues from your baby, and try to stay one step ahead. When she is rolling, go ahead and baby-proof for crawling, and when she crawls, baby-proof for pulling up. Think of baby-proofing as an ongoing process; there will always be something new that needs to be made safe against your baby’s curiosity.

Your baby-proofing will also need to expand to new rooms as she becomes more mobile. Thinking ahead and getting your house ready for baby before she gets moving will keep you from discovering a hazard the wrong way – by baby getting hurt.

A Room by Room Guide to Baby-Proofing Your Home

When your baby starts to get moving, it’s time to make sure your house is safe for her to roam. Keep baby safe as she explores with this easy guide to baby-proofing, room by room.

Living Room and/or Family Room

Start with the room where your baby likely spends the most time playing. This will probably be your living room or family room. Look for these common dangers:

  • Secure any furniture to the wall that could potentially tip over onto baby. This includes bookshelves, entertainment units, and televisions. If you have a flat-panel television, consider having it wall-mounted.
  • Remove any breakable or dangerous items from low shelves or coffee tables.
  • If you have a fireplace, secure the doors or block access to it any way you can.
  • Secure doors to any cabinets that might contain breakable or dangerous items
  • Consider replacing floor lamps with models that can be placed out of reach. As there is no way to secure them properly, they could easily tip over on baby. They can also be placed behind furniture.
  • Cover all electrical outlets with secure covers.
  • Tie up cords for blinds, or better yet, replace them with cordless blinds.
  • Cover sharp corners of furniture with soft corner covers

Kitchen and Dining Room

The kitchen is a place full of dangerous items that should be kept out of baby’s reach. In addition to these security measures, be sure never to leave baby unattended in the kitchen.

  • Secure all cabinets and drawers. There are several systems on the market today to make accessing the cabinets you use most easier.
  • Secure the fridge, oven, and dishwasher.
  • During cooking, use back burners as much as possible, and keep handles turned inward
  • Keep fridge magnets that are small enough to get into baby’s mouth up high, out of reach.
  • Don’t leave knives or glasses near the edge of the counter, even if you think baby can’t reach that high.
  • Push chairs in under tables to discourage climbing
  • Cover sharp table corners with soft corner covers.


The bathroom is another room that requires careful baby-proofing. Even if you keep the door closed and don’t allow baby access, take measures to be sure the room is safe.

  • Secure the lid to the toilet.
  • Secure all cabinets and drawers.
  • Make sure that any medication is kept out of baby’s reach and in a locked cabinet.
  • Cover the tub faucet with a soft cover to protect baby’s head
  • Install slip-proof grips on the bottom of the tub


Baby’s bedroom should be a top priority for baby-proofing, but don’t forget your bedroom and any others in the house as well.

  • Secure any cords that are dangling from blinds so that they are out of baby’s reach, or replace them with cordless blinds. No matter which blinds you have, try to place baby’s crib away from the window.
  • Make sure any furniture that could potentially tip over is secured to the wall
  • Do not keep any medications in baby’s room.
  • Cover all electrical outlets.
  • Make sure to drop the crib mattress to its lowest position when baby learns to pull up on the rail, to avoid a potential fall.

Other Parts of the House

Watch for potential hazards in the small sections of the house that might not be included in these rooms.

  • Place gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
  • Keep exterior, garage doors and basement doors locked at all times
  • Install outlet covers in hallways and entrances.
  • If you have a laundry room, keep the door closed and secured if possible. If not, consider installing a gate.
  • Keep all detergents and other cleaning supplies in a secure cabinet out of reach.
  • Place latches on closet doors.

Quick Meals for Busy Families

With everything else that has to be fit into a busy family’s schedule, it can be difficult to prepare a healthful yet fast and easy meal. Too often meals are the one thing that falls through the cracks of our busy lives, and we wind up with take out, frozen dinners, or the same old thing time and again. It doesn’t have to be that way. With a few simple tips you can have a new and different meal on the table every night in less time than it takes to gather up the family to eat.

Soup Reinvented

Canned soups are a staple of the pantry in most busy households. Cracking open a can and heating it in the microwave is the quickest way to have dinner on the table in no time flat. But with just a little extra effort and a slightly longer cook time, you can have a home made soup that tastes better and is better for you.

Keep the basics of a soup in the house. While homemade broth might taste great, it’s not realistic for most families on the go. Buy cartons of store bought broth. It’s available in chicken, beef, and vegetable. By mixing together broth, a few seasonings, and some fresh chopped vegetables, you will have a tasty homemade soup in no time. Quick and easy soup recipes are readily available online, or you can make up your own. Toss in leftover chicken or potatoes; add whatever vegetables you have on hand. You can also choose from noodles, rice, or even beans. There are endless possibilities, and all you need is the basic broth. As soon as the veggies are tender, your soup is ready to serve.

Make it even easier on yourself by throwing the soup fixings in a slow cooker before you leave the house in the morning. You will come home to a lovely aroma and a meal ready to eat.

Wrap It Up

Take the boring sandwich and the same old burrito to a new level using tortillas and interesting fillings to create delicious wraps. Look for tortillas in different flavors, such as spinach and cheese to add flair and taste to your wraps. Then lay out a buffet of possibilities for filling them!

Try a Southwest wrap with fillings of beans, rice, corn, spicy chicken, cheese and ranch dressing. Go Asian with some crispy chow mein noodles, cooked chicken or pork, fresh greens and a sesame-ginger dressing. Or roll romaine lettuce, chicken, Caesar dressing and parmesan cheese into a tortilla, skip the fork and eat your chicken Caesar salad with your hands. The possibilities are endless.

Switch Up Your Pasta

If your family groans every time you serve up spaghetti and meatballs, change things up a bit. Try some different noodles, such as penne or rigatoni. Toss with pesto and chicken instead of tomato sauce, or try fettuccine alfredo at home – it really isn’t all that hard to make. These meals can be on the table just as fast as that tired old spaghetti.

Add chopped fresh vegetables to cold pasta and toss with a salad dressing such as Italian. Who says a pasta dinner has to be hot? On a summer evening a cold pasta salad is sure to be a hit.

These are just a few of the ways you can come up with a fast meal your family will love. Look to old standards and change them up for a fresh look at dinner, and your family will thank you for it!

Supporting Baby’s Immune Health

We all know that the immune system exists to protect our bodies from harmful invaders, and that it is vital to keeping us healthy. The complex immune system is a powerful force for identifying and eliminating dangerous foreign matter that enters the body. A baby’s immune system, however, is not yet developed enough to successfully defend that tiny body – it needs a little help. Do you know how to best support your baby’s immune system so that it can do its job keeping your little one healthy? Answer these three basic questions to find out!

What is the Number One Way to Boost a Newborn’s Immune System?

When it comes to strengthening your newborn’s fledgling immune system, the absolute best thing you can do is to choose to breastfeed. Breast milk, especially the early, darker colored milk called colostrum, is packed with antibodies that your baby can’t get anywhere else. These antibodies are the building blocks of immunity. They give your newborn a fighting chance against the bacteria and viruses that are new to his body. Your baby received antibodies through the placenta during your pregnancy, but from the moment of birth that protection begins to wane. The only way to continue to protect him is to keep the supply of antibodies up through breast milk.

While formulas have come a long way over the years, they simply can not provide these antibodies to your baby, so if you can, breastfeed for as long as possible. When you stop breastfeeding, the same effect will occur as when you gave birth – the antibodies will become less and less effective. The longer you breastfeed, the more time you allow for your baby to grow bigger and stronger, and for his immune system to make its own antibodies.

What Does a Fever Mean?

Fever is a sign that your baby’s immune system has kicked into gear to fight off an invading force. In the first few months of life, a fever in your baby is your first clue that something is not right. While older children and adults will come through most fevers just fine, a newborn doesn’t have the strength to fight off whatever the fever is signaling. Any fever in a newborn warrants a call to your doctor’s office. Antibiotics might be necessary to help her immune system fight off the illness causing the fever.

Recognize the signs that your baby is getting sick, such as fever and others – lethargy, changes in appetite and sleep habits – and help your baby’s immune system fight off the illness by stepping in quickly.

Is Exposing Baby to Germs Good or Bad?

It might sound like a silly question, but it’s a good one. Exposure to germs is what triggers the immune system to respond, and create antibodies that will fight off illness. However, a baby’s body isn’t strong enough to fight off many of the germs he might encounter. So what is the right answer? Avoid exposure to germs as much as possible for the first few months of life, when baby is still very small and vulnerable. During those early months, a simple illness can quickly become very serious, so be very careful.

As she grows and becomes stronger, you can be a little less militant on the germ patrol. This doesn’t mean exposing her to people you know are sick so she can build antibodies! Just that you can take her to more places and let her body start to build its defenses against what it encounters.

With the answers to all three of these questions, you arm yourself with the knowledge to boost your baby’s immune system so that eventually her body will be able to defend itself.

Sun Safety for Your Baby

There’s nothing more fun than spending a sunny day enjoying the outdoors with your baby. Before you head out to enjoy the sunshine, make sure to take a few precautions to protect baby’s delicate skin and eyes from those bright rays.

Sunscreen for All

It doesn’t matter what shade your baby’s skin is; sunscreen is an absolute must. Many people believe that having darker skin will protect them from the harmful effects of the sun, but while darker skin tones are less susceptible to burning than lighter ones, they aren’t impervious to the sun. No matter what your baby’s skin tone, you should use sunscreen every time you go out to play.

Choose a sunscreen with broad spectrum protection against UVA and UVB rays. The minimum recommended SPF is 15, but it’s a good idea to go higher – as high as you can find. Look for a formula that is designed for babies – it won’t sting baby’s eyes if it gets in them by accident.

When applying sunscreen to babies under 6 months old, apply sparingly, on small areas of the body that are not otherwise protected. When your baby is this young, it’s best to stay out of direct sunlight altogether as much as possible, and use hats and protective clothing. Over 6 months old, apply sunscreen to all exposed parts of the body. Make sure to apply the sunscreen about 30 minutes before heading outside, to give it time to absorb into the skin, and rub it in well. Sunscreen should be reapplied every 2 hours and after swimming.

Remember that even if it’s cloudy, the sun is still up there; harmful UV rays can make it through the cloud cover. Use sunscreen every time you are going to be outside for any space of time. This includes the winter! Sunlight can reflect off the snow, and although the sun’s rays may be weaker in the wintertime, they are still damaging. If your baby is enjoying a snow day, winter clothing will probably cover most skin, but dab some sunscreen on any part of the face that is exposed.

Protective Clothing and Eyewear

So your baby doesn’t like wearing a hat? Keep trying. A hat will shade sensitive eyes and protect the skin on the top of the head, where it can be difficult to apply sunscreen because of baby’s hair. Try a hat with a chin strap that stays on, but if that bothers baby, just keep putting it back on. It might be frustrating, but it’s the best way to protect his head and face.

Sunglasses with UV protection are now available in small sizes for babies, and include a strap to help keep them on. Baby’s eyes are very sensitive, so keep them protected as best you can.

Look for swimsuits and clothing that include UV protection. Entire lines of baby clothes are now available with this feature, from swim shirts to sun hats. These fabrics will help to protect baby from rays that can get through the clothing’s weave. Tightly woven fabrics will also help.

Remember to limit your time in the sun with baby, especially on days when the UV index is particularly high. This information is available from your weather channel or online, but it’s easy enough to see that a very hot, sunny day will have a high UV index. Sunburn and future risk of skin cancer aren’t the only dangers on a hot day. Heat stroke can occur too, so don’t stay out too long, and make sure baby has plenty of fluids.

Does Going to Bed with a Bottle Cause Cavities?

You’re tired, you just want to go to sleep, and you know that if you put baby down with a bottle, she will go to sleep easily so you can head off to bed yourself. Every mother has been there, doing whatever it takes to get some rest. Unfortunately, putting baby to bed with a bottle can do serious damage to her teeth.

Tooth Decay and Baby Bottles

Early childhood tooth decay can happen in a number of ways, but the most common and often the most severe of these is known as baby bottle tooth decay. It results when liquids containing natural sugars, such as formula, breast milk and juices, are left on the teeth while baby sleeps. This form of tooth decay can also occur in breast fed babies, even if they do not take a bottle, but breastfeed on demand during the night after the first tooth appears. Putting your baby to bed with a bottle is a major risk factor for baby bottle tooth decay.

Tooth decay in babies may start off mild, but can quickly progress to a very serious problem. It can result in infection and in your child losing one or more teeth.

The Importance of Baby Teeth

Although baby teeth are only temporary, they play a very important role in your child’s development. Your baby needs them not only to eat, but also to develop normal speech. Baby teeth are also place holders for adult teeth. If they are lost too soon, the adult teeth may come in crooked. The loss of baby teeth can not only harm your baby’s smile now, but her adult smile as well,

Preventing Tooth Decay in Babies

The American Dental Association offers some recommendations on how to avoid tooth decay in your baby. One of the major recommendations is that you avoid putting baby to bed with a bottle. That isn’t the only important precaution you should take, however.

Sugary drinks such as juices should be kept to a minimum during the day, and avoided entirely at night. In fact, unless your doctor has recommended juice for a problem such as dehydration or constipation, there is no real reason for a baby to have juice at all. Ensure that baby finishes his bottle entirely prior to a nap or bedtime, and gently wipe his teeth with a clean piece of gauze before you put him down.

Start a dental hygiene routine as soon as baby’s first tooth appears. Contrary to previous recommendations against using fluoride toothpaste, the ADA now recommends using a baby toothpaste containing fluoride right from the start to protect and strengthen teeth. You should get in the habit of brushing baby’s teeth at least twice a day, and wiping teeth after each feeding.

As soon as your baby is able to do so, you should tech him to start drinking from a cup and avoid trainer or “sippy” cups as much as possible. Consumption of sugary beverages throughout the day should be discouraged. If your child is thirsty, offer a drink of water.

The ADA recommends that you take your child to see a dentist as soon as his first tooth erupts. You can take him to your own dentist, or find a pediatric dentist who specializes in children.

Taking care of your baby’s teeth from the moment they first appear will ensure he has a healthy smile for a lifetime.

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